Hiking Boots – Parts And Construction

When shopping for a pair of hiking boots, it is important to know how they are made. No, you do not need to know how to make your own, but you have to understand what goes into them and how it affects the comfort and durability – the overall quality – of the hiking boots. In this article I will describe the parts of a hiking boot, what they are made of, and how they come together to form the ideal hiking boot for you.

Like any shoe, a hiking boot consists of an upper and a sole joined together by a welt and with an inlet at the front covered by a tongue, and the whole is lined with various pads and cushions. I will discuss each of those parts in detail, in terms of what they are made of and what to look for in various types of hiking boots.

Sole and Welt

Let's start at the bottom. The soul of the hiking boot is the sole.

Soles are usually made of synthetic rubber in varying degrees of hardness. A harder sole will last longer, but generally will have poorer Traction on hard surfaces (such as bare rock) and will provide less cushioning. A softer sole gives you the cushioning you need for long hikes and the transaction you need on rough ground, but it will wear out faster.

Manufacturers have made their trade-offs in choosing the materials to make their boots out of. The final choice is up to you when you choose which boot to buy. If you expect to do most of your hiking on soft surfaces, such as desert sand or bare soil, you might lean more towards harder soles. But most of us hike on fairly rugged trails with a good deal of bare rock, and we need the traction of a softer sole.

Inside the sole is a shank. It is a stiffening structure, either fiberglass or steel, that prevails the sole of the boot from twisting and that provides arch support. Shanks may be only three-quarter or half-length. Hiking shoes generally have no shank at all, deriving all their stiffness from the molded rubber sole. Good day-hiking boots may have a full-length fiberglass shank. High-quality backpacking boots will give you the choice of fiberglass or steel. It will depend on how strong you need your hiking boots to be, and how heavy.

Look for deep, knobby tread. Deep cuts in the sole allow water and mud to flow out so you can get traction. "Fake" hiking boots, designed to look like hiking boots but not to perform like them, may have thinner soles and shallow tread. Working boots also may have shallow tread, and they generally have harder soles than hiking boots have.

The welt is the connection between the sole and the upper. Virtually all hiking boots these days are glued together rather than sewn. If you are buying a very expensive pair of backpacking boots, give preference to a sewn welt. Boots with a sewn welt will be easier to resole when the original sole wears out. For hiking shoes or day-hiking boots, when the sole wears out, the upper is not worth salvaging, either, so a glued welt is just fine.

Upper

The upper of the hiking boot brings warmth, protects the sides of your feet from rocks and brush, and repels water. It must also allow your feet to "breathe," so that moisture from perspiration will not build up inside the boots and cause blisters.

Uppers of hiking boots are usually at least partially made of leather. High-quality backpacking boots are often made of full-grain leather (leather that has not been split). Lighter boots may be made of split-grain leather (leather that has been split or sued on one side), or a combination of split-grain leather with various fabrics.

Fabrics that are combined with leather are usually some type of nylon. Heavy nylon wears almost as well as leather, and it is much lighter and cheaper than leather.

In any hiking boot, especially those made of combinations of leather and fabric, there will be seams. Seams are bad. Seams are points of failure. Seams are points of wear, as one panel of the boot rubs against another. Seams are penetrations that are difficult to waterproof.

The uppers of backpacking boots are sometimes made of a single piece of full-grain leather with only one seam at the back. This is good, for all the reasons that seams are bad, but it is expensive.

You're going to have to deal with seams. But as you shop for hiking boots, look for customer reviews that mention failure or undue wearing of the seams, and avoid those brands.

Inlet and Tongue

There are two things to look for in the inlet and the tongue:

1. How the laces are attached and adjusted

2. How the tongue is attached to the sides of the inlet

The inlet may be provided with eyelets, D-rings, hooks, and webbing, alone or in combination. They each have these advantages and disadvantages:

* Eyelets: Simplest and most durable way to lace a boot. Not so easily adjusted.

* D-rings: Easier to adjust than eyelets, more durable than hooks. More failure-prone than eyelets. (They can break, and they can tear out of the leather.)

* Hooks: Easiest to adjust of all lace attachments. Subject to getting hooked on brush, or bent or broken in impacts with boulders, main cause of breakage of laces.

* Webbing: Cause less chafing of laces, slightly easier to adjust than eyelets, slightly more durable than D-rings. More failure-prone than eyelets.

The most common lace attachment of any hiking boot is eyelets below ankle-level and hooks above. You may see eyelets all the way up, as in classic military-style combat boots, or a combination of either D-rings or webbing with hooks.

The attachment of the tongue is a critical factor in how waterproof the hiking boots are. Provided the leather and / or fabric and seams of the upper are waterproof, water will not get into the boots until it gets higher than the attachment point of the tongue.

Most hiking shoes and day-hiking boots have the tongue attached all the way to the top. If the tongue is not fully attached, consider carefully wherever you will need that extra inch or two of waterproofing.

High-rise backpacking boots have the tongue attached only partway up, but that still reaches higher than most day-hiking boots. It's difficult to get the boot on and off if the tongue is attached very high.

Linings and Pads

There are many pieces that go into the lining and padding of a hiking boot, but two in particular you need to pay attention to:

1. The sole lining

2. The scree collar

The sole lining must be appropriately cushioned. You want a firm, durable surface in immediate contact with your socks, but enough cushioning below that to absorb impact.

The scree collar is a cushion around the top of most hiking boots. It enables you to pull the boots tight enough to keep out loose rocks ("scree") but without chafing against your ankle and Achilles tendon. This is the thickest and softest cushion in the whole hiking boot. It must be soft enough to conform to your ankle and Achilles tendon as they move, and still keep close enough contact with your leg to keep the rocks out.

Very high hiking boots, such as military-style combat boots, may have no scree collar at all. The height of the boot is what keeps the rocks out.

Throughout, the lining and padding of the hiking boots must be thick enough to provide warm, durable enough to last, and smooth enough that it will not cause chafing and blisters.

Conclusion

So, these are the things you need to pay attention to when going a pair of hiking boots. Be prepared to compromise, and pay attention to which features are really important to the style of hiking you intend to do.

Brand Marketing Online – Creating Your Loyal Customer Base The Easy Way

Brand marketing online is easier than your think these days. The average business owner has no clue about the simple tools that you will read about here. Many of your competition are spending thousands of dollars in advertising and not making the impact they desire. You can stand out from the crowd with these easy and cheap tools of the marketing business. There are a lot of really good ways to brand yourself, but here are what we feel are three of the best performers.

Create a massive and loyal customer base with these simple and cheap marketing tools.

1) Blog Site - The very best tool for brand marketing online is a common blog site. You will be amazed how simple it is to set one up and get your information on it. This marketing platform can be adjusted by just about anyone who can use a word processor. The blog site will use small programs that are called plug-in to automate a lot of the customization. These work much like the apps on our phones. Each does a different thing and there are thousands of them out there. You can also host all kinds of files, posts, and media on them as well. You can set up a membership section to allow for additional information or savings to go to your loyal customers. Blogs are very powerful and inexpensive to run.

2) Flip Style Camera - A camera is an easy thing to get these days. There are a multitude of styles and brands out on the market. If you are brand marketing online, you really do not need to spend a lot of money on these at all. $ 150 would be the most, but I just got a nice one for $ 99. Shop round. You really want one that takes decent stills and HD is always preferred for your marketing videos. Now what will you us this for? In marketing there is a hierarchy of impacts from written, still pictures, audio, video, and then a combination of all of them? You will want to use your new toy, I mean tool, to capture and share all of those. Pictures and video about your business and your life in general will allow your customers to get the sense that they know you. That is very powerful in marketing. People do not buy from companies; they buy from people they trust. Get a camera and start shooting everything!

3) Facebook Page - This is where your brand marketing online will really start to take off. Use the other two tools in conjunction with this one and you will be on top of the industry in no time. Now we are not talking about a Facebook account profile page. We mean a page or what they used to call a fan page. This will let you post and have more than 5000 users that like it. The key factor is the likes and you can use your camera to add valuable information about your industry here. Just remember that you are never to market or try to sell anything on this page. This is just to inform. You can sell from your blog site and you can move people between the two seasons freely.

When you are brand marketing online, you are selling yourself at the same time as you are mentioning your business. It is important to become a person in the eyes of your customers. As they get to know you, they will begin to trust you and your judgment. That is important to any sales relationship. So no matter what it is you are trying to sell these three tools, if used properly, will make all the difference to your success. The largest factor to consider now is the education on how to best use these tools. Finding a solid marketing and mentoring group will make it easier to accomplish your marketing goals.

The New Wedding Chic – Wedding Favor Designer Trios

Times are changing. Bridal gowns are more colorful, bridesmaid’s dresses don’t have to match, destination weddings are in vogue and wedding favor trios are bursting on the scene. But what exactly is a wedding favor designer trio?

So many weddings are themed: beach weddings, black tie, fairy tale, heart themes, and the list continues forever. Everything in that wedding points to who the bride and groom are and what they love. So many times while consulting on a wedding, the bride would turn to me and say, “But why do I have to do it that way?” I never had an answer for her, because most of what we do at weddings follows tradition. Then who’s to say that tradition can’t be changed.

This exact situation happened just recently. The couple’s theme was “love.” From the ceremony to the honeymoon, they planned it around this word and showed it in every area of the day. Then we came to the final decision; what wedding favors were they going to choose, considering there are so many with their specific theme. That’s when she turned and asked me that question which has changed the way we look at wedding favors.

We went through every favor we had: love coasters, love bottle stoppers, love candles and the list seemed to continue forever. She liked too many of them. Suddenly, I had an idea. Why not mix and match the wedding favor to coordinate with the love theme of the wedding? She was so excited she could hardly contain it. She turned to me and said, “I can do that?”

So happily we chose a trio of wedding favors that coordinated perfectly with each other and with the couple’s theme. That day, for us, the wedding favor designer trio was born. And since that day, wedding after wedding – even the ones I had no part in – have trios of favors gracing the tables of the guests.

I’ve said it many times before and I’ll keep repeating myself; it’s your wedding. You have to be happy with your day. Hopefully it will be the only one you’ll ever have. So break the rules. In this case, overturning that wedding favor tradition is now the chic thing to do!

What Is Alternative, Compartmental, Unconventional, Traditional Medicine?

The third millennium begins with a new scenario in the Health sector. In our country, non-conventional medicine is now part of services that local hospitals give.

Professional associations are preparing a series of evaluation criteria for medical experts in natural medicine.

University has begun to turn its attention to this phenomenon, to understand, analyze it and drive it.

The use of unconventional medicine is specifically used for treatment of chronic and degenerative diseases and cancer patients are a significant part of those who come precisely to these treatments.

I hope, with this article, fruit of long research in these fields, first to help the patient and his family understand more clearly, to choose and encourage reflection and communication between doctor and patient, when the latter decides to undergo an integrated treatment. It can also be useful to fully exploit the benefits of complementary medicine, and the time avoid the same risks especially those still without scientific validation.

This information is useful also to your relative or anyone you know, that is facing the disease. Sharing good and positive information is always powerful. Other people may say that knowledge is power, so encourage yourself and those around you. A kind and positive word supported also by the scientific community can always help and give hope.

What is alternative medicine? Complementary? Unconventional? Traditional?

For clarity purposes I will do my best to give the simplest explanations:

Alternative medicine : is a term used mainly in the past, and to show how certain practices based on principles different from those of scientific medicine.

complementary medicine : The term basically means therapies associated with other measures deemed important, such as chemotherapy or surgery. It makes sense to use it such as oncology, where, such as herbals or 'acupuncture may rationally combine chemotherapy, radiation, etc …

unconventional medicine : A term used primarily in politics health care to define all those disciplines that are still waiting for a definitive legal regulation. In this category of Orders doctors include acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal medicine, the 'anthrophosphy,' Ayurveda, the 'homotoxicology, traditional Chinese medicine,' osteopathy and chiropractic.

Traditional medicine : This terminology used instead by the World Health Organization to define the set of knowledge and practices based on popular beliefs and experiences relating to different cultures, regardless of the explanatory scientific.

natural medicine : is a popular term used that reflects the public and in particular patients with various disciplines of medicine

integrated medicine : This term indicates what should be the goal of every doctor: different forms and tools therapy integrated to improve the patient's quality of life as well as prognosis.